FIG Peer Review Journal


Studying Spatial Plan in Coastal Urban Environment – Facing Global Threat and Adapting to Local Condition (4156)

Heri Sutanta, Abbas Rajabifard and Ian Bishop (Australia)
Mr. Heri Sutanta
Department of Geomatics
University of Melbourne
Departmenof Geomatics, University of Melbourne,
Parkville campus
Corresponding author Mr. Heri Sutanta (email: s.heri[at], tel.: + 61 3 8344 9901)

[ abstract ] [ paper ] [ handouts ]

Published on the web 2010-01-14
Received 2009-11-19 / Accepted 2010-01-14
This paper is one of selection of papers published for the FIG Congress 2010 in Sydney, Australia and has undergone the FIG Peer Review Process.

FIG Congress 2010
ISBN 978-87-90907-87-7 ISSN 2308-3441


Spatial planning is a process involving projection on future usage of space. It requires input from different sectors and stakeholders. The current approach is making use of, among other things, projection on population growth, economic development, employment forecasting and transport model. Nowadays planners are also confronted with the increasing number of disasters in highly populated and economically important areas. There is a growing needs and awareness to incorporate disaster risk information in the spatial planning. One of the particular areas vulnerable to disaster is coastal urban environment. It is facing global threat from the impact of climate change and local-driven natural hazards. The paper firstly reviews literature on coastal urban cities and its characteristic. It also presents their function and importance to the society in terms of economic development and environmental sustainability. It then followed by a review on recent studies global warming and natural hazards confronted by coastal cities as well as a conceptual framework to reduce them. Spatial plan was proposed as a long term framework to reduce disaster risk. Its function in disaster risk reduction includes: restrict development, directing appropriate land use setting, providing legally binding land use plan and facilitating hazards modification. The paper took a case study approach using a medium size city of Semarang in Indonesia as an illustration. The findings indicate that the recent spatial planning documents have made considerable progress in addressing coastal disaster risk issues. The number of disaster related issues discussed in the Detailed Spatial Planning of 2010 to 2030 is much higher than those of 2000 to 2010. However, there are still many things to be done in preparing coastal cities to be ready for global and local hazards.
Keywords: spatial planning; coastal urban environment; disaster risk reduction